e-Courts Project


       The e-Courts project was conceptualized on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of information and communication technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005” submitted by e-Committee (Supreme Court of India), with a vision to transform the Indian Judiciary by ICT enablement of Courts.

     In the Indian Judiciary, effort for computerization of some of its processes has been going on since 1990. From 2001-03, 700 city courts in four metros were computerized and during 2003-04, computerization of another 900 courts were undertaken.

     Under NeGP as a MMP (Mission Mode Project), it is proposed to implement ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in Indian judiciary in three phases over a period of five years. The project scope is to develop, deliver, install and implement automated decision making and decision support system in 700 courts of Delhi, Bombay, Kolkata & Chennai; 900 courts in the 29 capital city courts of states and UTs and 13000 district and subordinate courts.

     The objectives of the project are:
     To help Judicial Administration of the courts in streamlining their day-to-day activities.

  • To assist Judicial Administration in reducing the pendency of cases.
  • To provide transparency of information to the litigants.
  • To provide access to legal and judicial databases to the Judges.   
  • To provide efficient & time-bound citizen centric service delivery.
  • To develop, install & implement decision support systems in courts.
  • To enhance judicial productivity both qualitatively & quantitatively to make the justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective & transparent.

     E-Courts Project primarily aims at paperless working environment which makes it possible for safe record keeping for infinite number of years as well as searching and maintaining accurately and efficiently saving both time and labour. The key modules in e-Courts project includes providing Laptops and Laser Printers, training to Judges and court staffs, Internet connectivity to the Judges, Connectivity at the court complexes, videoconferencing facility, site preparation, Hardware, Networking, Application Software, Technical manpower, Up gradation of the ICT Infrastructure etc. National Informatics Center (NIC) is the implementing agency of e-Courts project.

     Another aspect under e-Courts project covers efficient Data management through the Application Software. Data is captured at the filing stage in computers for new cases. Data of old cases is fed in computers using dedicated manpower. Data relates to date of filing, full description of parties, law provision invoked, property number, detail of witnesses, stage of trial, next date of hearing and advocate’s name etc. Data is updated on daily basis without fail. The main benefits of proper data management approach includes daily cause list and court diary generation, periodical statements, automatic marking of cases, year wise, judge-wise, case type-wise pending case statements generation, provisions are also made to generate automated summons, warrants and notice generation etc. all at the press of a single button.
Another area has been covered under the e-Courts project is having website for each courts which helps litigants and lawyers to check the daily cause list, judgments, and various up-to-date information regarding the district courts.

     The future aspect of e-Courts project includes e-filing of cases, Video-conferencing facility, online enquiries, online court fee payments etc. For data management, already the Application software developed by NIC called Case Information System (CIS) Software for District and sub-ordinate courts has been developed and is being fully functional now.

The site preparation work including ICT room construction, deployment and installation of various Computer Hardware and Networking items including touch screen Kiosk information systems, implementation of CIS software are already done in various court complexes in Nalbari District as well as in various district courts. Various objectives under e-Courts project has already been attained in Nalbari District Judiciary right from computerized filing of cases till it gets disposed, generation of daily statements, notices and summon generation, generation of daily cause list, court diaries, uploading of Judgments and cause lists into the website etc..

     The Judges and court staffs are being trained on various modules of e-Courts project. The Judges are being provided with personal laptop, laser printer and internet connectivity under the e-Courts project. The website for Nalbari District Judiciary has already been hosted by the name www.nalbarijudiciary.gov.in and is being fully functional. Daily cause lists, judgments and various information are being uploaded on daily basis.

Kiosks Information Systems are being installed in the first floor of the District and Sessions Judge Court Building Nalbari district judiciary, which helps the litigants and lawyers not only to search the case status using either case number and year or petitioner/respondent’s name but also to check daily orders and judgments.

 Technical manpower (Systems Officer and Systems Assistant) is already being appointed under Hon'ble Gauhati High Court at Guwahati, Assam for each District Courts to monitor the Daily Computerization works viz. imparting computer training to the Judges and Court officials, CIS software management, troubleshooting all the Computer Hardware and Networking related issues, website updation etc.

 With the growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in India, it’s just a matter of time how fast the e-Courts works will grow in Judiciary System in India. But with the Judges and court staffs being serious and more concerned in today’s working environments, nothing seems to be impossible and the goal of the e-Courts project could be attained soon.